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Dec 3, 2014 12:00:00 PM

Industrial Pressure Transducer Terminology

Industrial_Cover_New_Logo.jpgThis is just a guide to help you understand the lingo in the industrial world - it's useful, we promise.

Absolute Pressure — Pressure measured relative to full vacuum. Referred to as pounds per square inch absolute (PSIA).

Atmospheric Pressure — Pressure of the atmosphere at the earth’s surface NIST standard atmospheric pressure = 1.01325 bar.

BAR — Unit of pressure (or stress). 1 bar = 750.07 mm of mercury at 0°C, at 45°.

Barometric Pressure — Atmospheric pressure, often measured in millibars, in Hg (inches of mercury), or hectopascals.

Burst Pressure — The maximum pressure that may be applied to the positive pressure port without rupturing the sensing element.

Capacitive Sensing — Detection and measurement of pressure through the change in voltage across a capacitor, one plate of which is a diaphragm which deflects slightly with changes in applied pressure.

Compound Pressure — Pressure measured from full vacuum (-14.7 PSIV) to gauge pressure, referencing atmosphere.

Demand (active, real or true power) — The power which is actually consumed by the load. The measurement takes the
power factor into account.

Differential Pressure — Pressure measured relative to a reference pressure. Referred to as pounds per square inch differential (PSID).

Frequency — The number of complete cycles of AC voltage which occurs during one second (Hz).

FS (Full Span or Full Scale) — The range of measured values over which a transducer is intended to measure, specified by the upper and lower limits. EX: 0 to 100 PSIG, FS is 100 PSIG/0 to 5 VDC, FS is 5 VDC, 800-100 MB FS is 300 MB.

Gauge Pressure — Pressure measured relative to ambient atmospheric pressure. Quantified in pounds per square inch
gauge (PSIG).

Harmonics — Current or voltages which have frequencies that are integer multiples of the fundamental power frequency; common and sometimes dangerous in nonlinear loads.

Manometer — An early instrument for measuring pressure; originally, a U-shaped tube containing liquid (water, oil, or mercury), one limb opening to the gas volume to be measured, the other closed or connected to a registering or recording instrument. Modern versions utilize diaphragms, bellows or other devices for sensing relative pressures.

Millibar (mbar) — Unit of pressure generally used in barometric measurements: 1 mbar ± 100 N/m2, or 10 = dyn/cm2.

Newton (N) — The unit of force in the International System of Units (SI); the force required to impart an acceleration of 1m/sec2 to a mass of 1 kg.

Pascal (Pa) — The standard unit of pressure (or stress) in the SI system; equal to 1 newton per square meter (1 N/m2)

Peak Demand (maximum RMS power) — The highest average load during a specified time interval (kW).

P/I — Term common to process industries meaning pressure-in/current-out. (3-15 PSIG Input to 4 to 20 mA DC Output).

Potential Transformer — An instrument transformer used to step down high voltage potentials to lower levels acceptable for the input of electrical test instruments.

Pressure Transducer — An electromechanical device for translating fluid pressure values into voltages across a high-impedance (5k ohms or greater) load.

Pressure Transmitter — An electromechanical device for translating fluid pressure values into currents (generally 4 to 20 mA) into a low-impedance load.

Proof Pressure — The maximum pressure that may be applied without changing performance beyond specifications (typically, 0.5% FS zero shift).

PSIA — Pounds per square inch absolute.

PSIV — Pounds per square inch vacuum.

Range — The spread between the maximum and minimum pressures between which the transducer has been designed to
operate.

Ratchet Demand — Determining the billing demand based upond a pre-established peak average demand (usually at 75%, 80% or 100% of the pre-established peak.

Relative Humidity — Relative humidity is a measurement of water in the air at a given temperature.

Span — The algebraic difference between the limits of the range. Ex: 0.1 to 5.1 Volts DC; span is 5 VDC. Sometimes used to designate full scale output; i.e. 5 VDC.

Vacuum — Generally refers to pressures between 0 and atmospheric; often measured in 0-30 in Hg Vacuum. Referred to as pounds per square inch vacuum (PSIV).

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Topics: General Industrial OEM, Process/Mfg Tank Level, Water and Wastewater, Test and Measurement, Barometric, Medical, OHV, General Industrial, Alternative Fuels, Oil and Gas

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